More than 1,200 papers contribution to knowledge indexed by Google Scholar® »

The role of Science and Technology in the industry and society are key themes of the institute. Powered by experts, Ibnu Sina Institute coordinates and aligns the resources towards multi and interdisciplinary research activities through creativity and innovation supported by strategic partnerships with key universities and industries.

Artificial neural network

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Azlan Mohd Zain Artificial neural networks (ANN) or connectionist systems are computing systems vaguely inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains. Such systems “learn” to perform tasks by considering examples, generally without being programmed with task-specific rules. For example, in image recognition, they might learn to identify images…

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What can we learn from the Ebola virus disease outbreak for COVID-19?

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zaitul Marlizawati Zainuddin The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus first emerged in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019, spreading to every province-level division of the country by February 2020. The virus…

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Women in development

  Dr. Zilal Saari More than forty years have passed since the 1975 Conference in Mexico and the initiation of the United Nations Decade for Women. Great theoretical strides have been made and disappointing practical returns noted. No longer is the importance of women in a development recognized only by a minority, but neither have…

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Hadith

  Dr. Mohd Al’Ikhsan Ghazali Hadith in Islam refers to what Muslims believe to be a record of the words, actions, and the silent approval of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Hadith has been called “the backbone” of Islamic civilization,[4] and within that religion, the authority of hadith as a source for religious law and moral…

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Islamic civilization

  Dr. Zulkiflee Haron Islamic history and culture can be traced through the written records: Pre-Islamic, early Islamic, Umayyad, the first and second Abbasid, the Hispano-Arabic, the Persian and the modern periods. The various influences of these different periods can be readily perceived, as can traces of the Greek, the Indian, and the Pre-Islamic Persian…

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Islamic education

  Dr. Aminudin Hehsan Islamic education takes into consideration Islamic scripture and Prophetic statements, along with commonly-held approaches to schooling in Muslim history. It concludes that key motivations and characteristics of a holistic and purposeful education program are shared between Islamic and Western traditions, a phenomenon partially explained by the shared and cumulative transmission of…

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Computational fluid dynamics

  Dr. Mohd Ridza Mohd Haniffah Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to analyze and solve problems that involve fluid flows. Computers are used to perform the calculations required to simulate the free-stream flow of the fluid, and the interaction of the fluid (liquids…

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Computer graphics

  Dr. Norhaida Mohd Suaib A branch of computer science that deals with the theory and techniques of computer image synthesis. Computers produce images by analyzing a collection of dots, or pixels (picture elements). Computer graphics is used to enhance the transfer and understanding of information in science, engineering, medicine, education, and business by facilitating…

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Functional data analysis

  Dr. Shariffah Suhaila Syed Jamaludin Functional data analysis (FDA) is a branch of statistics that analyzes data providing information about curves, surfaces or anything else varying over a continuum. In its most general form, under an FDA framework, each sample element is considered to be a function. The physical continuum over which these functions…

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Soft computing

  Dr. Sarina Sulaiman Soft computing is the use of approximate calculations to provide imprecise but usable solutions to complex computational problems. The approach enables solutions for problems that may be either unsolvable or just too time-consuming to solve with current hardware. Soft computing is sometimes referred to as computational intelligence. Soft computing provides an…

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Carbon nanotube

  Dr. Kashif Tufail Chaudhary The unique structure of carbon nanotube (CNT) exhibits extraordinary electronic, thermal, and mechanical properties which make them a potential candidate for different technological applications. Extensive efforts have been done to synthesize structured-controlled CNT. Several methods have been developed to synthesize CNT such as arc discharge, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and…

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Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications

  Dr. Muhammad Safwan Afwan Aziz A new optical trapping design to transport gold nanoparticles using a PANDA ring resonator system is proposed. Intense optical fields in the form of dark solitons controlled by Gaussian pulses are used to trap and transport nanoscopic volumes of matter to the desired destination via an optical waveguide. Theoretically,…

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Fibre optics

  Dr. Suhairi Daud Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along with a glass or plastic strand or fiber. Fiber optics is used long-distance and high-performance data networking. Fiber optics are also commonly used in telecommunication services such as the…

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Genetic algorithm

  Dr. Nur Arina Bazilah Aziz Genetic Algorithms (GAs) were developed by Prof. John Holland and his students at the University of Michigan during the 1960s and 1970s. Essentially, they are a method of “breeding” computer programs and solutions to optimization or search problems by means of simulated evolution. Processes loosely based on natural selection,…

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Linear algebra

  Dr. Taufiq Khairi Ahmad Khairuddin Linear algebra is central to almost all areas of mathematics. For instance, linear algebra is fundamental in modern presentations of geometry, including for defining basic objects such as lines, planes, and rotations. Also, the functional analysis may be basically viewed as the application of linear algebra to spaces of…

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Islamic studies

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arieff Salleh Rosman In a Muslim context, Islamic studies is the umbrella term for the “Islamic sciences” (Ulum al-din), i.e. the traditional forms of religious knowledge and thought. These include kalam (Islamic theology) and fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), hadith (traditions), naskh (abrogations), etc. There are `Ulum ul-Qur’an, (the sciences of the Quran),…

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Extraction of Natural Product by Green Technology Technique

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Liza Md. Salleh The extraction of natural products, for example in the perfume industry, was considered “clean” when compared with heavy chemical industries, but researchers and professional specialists found that its environmental impact is far greater than first appeared. The overall environmental impact of an industrial extraction cycle is not easy…

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Laser and photonics

  Dr. Ganesan Khrishnan A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation. The term “laser” originated as an acronym for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation”. Lasers are used in optical disk drives, laser printers, barcode scanners, DNA sequencing instruments,…

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Operational research

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zaitul Marlizawati Zainuddin Operational research (OR) is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions. Further, the term operational analysis is used in the British (and some British Commonwealth) military as an intrinsic part of capability development, management and assurance. In particular, operational…

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Stochastic process

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arifah Bahar In probability theory and related fields, a stochastic or random process is a mathematical object usually defined as a family of random variables. Historically, the random variables were associated with or indexed by a set of numbers, usually viewed as points in time, giving the interpretation of a stochastic…

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Evolutionary programming and aircraft trajectory optimisation

  Dr. Istas Fahrurrazi Nusyirwan The research aim is to solve flexible route planning based on a projection of demand and capacity in the airspace of Malaysia according to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). A Performance-Based Service (PBS) approach is researched; the route planning techniques directly account for the Required Navigation Performance (RNP)…

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Information retrieval, database systems, chemical informatics, text mining, and big data

  Prof. Dr. Naomie Salim Professor Naomie’s main research goal is to design new algorithms to improve the effectiveness of searching and mining new knowledge from various kinds of datasets, including unstructured, semi-structured and structured databases. The current focus of her research is on chemical databases and text databases to support the process of computer-aided…

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Separation process: Solvent extraction and liquid membrane process

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Norasikin Othman A liquid membrane is formed by a thin layer of the organic phase (usually with dissolved reagents) between two aqueous phases of different compositions. This thin layer of organic phase can be immobilized onto suitable inert microporous support, which when interposed in between two aqueous solutions is termed supported…

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Nanotechnology for design and development of cosmeceutical

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Siti Hamidah Mohd Setapar Nanotechnology is an innovative area of science that includes the design, characterization, production, and application of materials, devices, and systems by controlling shape and size at the nanometer scale (1–100 nm). Nanotechnology incorporation in the cosmetic formulation is considered as the hottest and emerging technology available. Cosmetic…

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Machine learning, cloud computing, and synthetic biology

  Dr. Afnizanfaizal Abdullah Machine learning requires access to large amounts of data from various sources and formats. Leveraging a data repository to store the necessary information for empowering machine learning workloads to enable predictive analysis on a specific domain of interests. Therefore, designing and developing an infrastructure that able to accommodate useful machine learning…

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Fiqh science and technology

  Prof. Dr. Farahwahida Mohd Yusof Fiqh is often described as the human understanding of the sharia, that is, human understanding of the Islamic divine law as revealed in the Quran and the Sunnah (the teachings and practices of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and His companions). Fiqh expands and develops Shariah through interpretation (ijtihad) of…

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Industrial mathematics

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arifah Bahar Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) research techniques and results are fundamental to the development of industrial innovation. Given the increasingly profound connection between innovation, science, and mathematical sciences, it is natural to inquire whether the interface between these three activities is functioning in an optimal way via STEM…

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Big data analytics

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Siti Zaiton Mohd Hashim Recently, big data tsunami has hit our nation, and this phenomenon has awakened the academy communities to aggressively address the hindsight and ahead challenges to ensure Malaysia will be the leader for big data science, as well as big data analytics. Big data terminology has been introduced…

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Optics and laser technology

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hazri Bachtiar Our research focused on the particular areas of Lasers, Photonics, Plasma Physics and Fusion, and Nano-materials and structures. We continue to support innovation, development, and increasing knowledge through proactive dissemination and provide a skilled workforce in the field of photonics.   Publications

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Applied materials science for biological and medical areas

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nik Ahmad Nizam Nik Malek Nowadays, there is increasing demands for the powerful, versatile, easy-to-handle and cheap antimicrobial agents. It is due to the increasing microbial resistance to conventional antimicrobial agents. Failure of some antimicrobial agents to kill microbial cells or inhibit microbial growth can cause increasing diseases related pathogenic microorganisms.…

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Separation science and technology

  Assoc. Prof. Dr. See Hong Heng The development of new capillary and microchip electrophoresis techniques using both aqueous and non-aqueous organic solvents as buffer media. This technique is integrated with an innovative online preconcentration strategy to enhance the detection sensitivity down to the sub-ppb level without the need for an expensive detection system. The…

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Einstein’s gravitational waves

  Prof. Dr. Y.T. Chen (1997 – 2003) On February 11, 2016, a group of scientists named LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) announced that they had detected gravitational waves that have been predicted by Einstein 100 years ago. I foresee this discovery will lead to a Nobel prize in 2016! Coincidentally, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) used…

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